D610 v.s. D7100 12件你該知道的關鍵差異
(Via Digital Camera World)
D600曾是Nikon最便宜的全幅單眼,也讓它成為N家DX旗艦機的最強對手,尤其是對D7100來說。
但D600的製塵事件讓許多購買者出現疑慮,在D610的推出之時,這場FX vs DX之爭又再次登場。
Digital Camera World也刊出一篇比較文,來幫助有意購買的人找出最適合他們的相機。

D610可以拍攝全幅的影像,但D7100則提供相同的解析度,
而且比較便宜,DX用戶也可以繼續沿用原有的鏡頭。

The D610 offers full-frame images, but the D7100 offers the same resolution, it’s cheaper and it means DX owners can keep using their existing lenses.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 1) 解析度

兩台相機都有2400萬畫素。D610有全幅的感光元件,和較低的像素密度(約D7100的兩倍),
應該可以提供較佳的影像純淨度。

但D7100移除了低通濾鏡(如同突破性的D800E)來提供更加銳利的影像細節。
我們的實驗室測試顯示D7100vsD600在Jpg上是並駕齊驅,都是解析2800行 寬/相片高。
但D600在RAW轉檔為Tiff時更有優勢,提升到3000行 寬/相片高。我們還沒測試D610,
不過D610並沒有變更感光元件,我們想結果是一樣的。

Both cameras have 24-megapixel sensors. The D610 has a full-frame sensor, and the larger size (roughly twice that of the D7100) should give it an inherent quality advantage.

But the D7100 dispenses with the usual anti-aliasing filter (just like the ground-breaking Nikon D800E) to provide super-fine sharp detail. Our lab tests reveal that in a Nikon D7100 vs D600 comparison the were neck and neck for JPEGs, both resolving 2800 line widths/picture height, but the D600 edged ahead with RAW files converted into TIFFs, going up to 3000 line widths/picture height. We haven’t been able to test the new D610 yet, but the sensor is unchanged so we’d expect the same result.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 2) 感光元件大小

重點不是只有畫素和解析度而已。
D610較大的感光元件會產生較淺的景深,大致來說,就是更有空間感。

在全幅相機上很容易產生淺景深,但這不一定是好事,
特別是你想要拍風景和靜物時,你希望相片從遠到近都很清晰。
全幅相機能多給你約一級光圈的淺景深,這不是一定好或不好,只是一件該知道的事。

It’s not just about megapixels and resolution. The larger sensor in the D610 will produce images with less overall depth of field and, often, a greater feeling of depth and space.

It’s easier to get shallow depth of field effects with a full-frame DSLR, though this can backfire if you want to shoot landscapes or still life shots where everything in the frame is sharp, from near to far. A full-frame camera gives you a reduction in depth of field roughly equivalent to 1 f-stop – it’s neither good nor bad, but something to be aware of.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 3) 鏡頭 part 1

如果你已經有DX鏡頭群,當你換成D610時就得全部換掉。
當然你可以在裁切模式下拍攝,但你就是在浪費D610的能力。
這表示買了D610只是個開始而已 -往後還會有更多開銷。
換成D7100,就沒有上述的問題。

If you have a selection of DX lenses, you’ll have to ditch them when you move up to the D610. You can use them in ‘crop’ mode, but then you’ll be wasting most of the D610’s potential. This means buying the Nikon D610 itself will only be the start – there will be plenty more expense to come. With the Nikon D7100, of course, your existing lenses will be just fine.
D610 v.s. D7100 12件你該知道的關鍵差異
(Via Digital Camera World)

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 4) 鏡頭 part 2

D7100的1.5倍的裁切表示你的望遠鏡頭會更加望遠,
這對運動和生態攝影師來說很重要。

大光圈,專業級的望遠鏡頭隨著焦段的增加,價錢也越來越貴。
下面的例子會讓這句話表達得更好。

在D7100上,70-200mm f/2.8提供了等效105-300mm的焦段,要價大約£1600。
在D610上要買的同樣的焦段和同樣的大光圈,你需要買Nikon 300mm f/2.8定焦鏡,要價£4000。

還不只這些,D7100全新的1.3裁切模式,裁切後仍有1600萬畫素(和D7000一樣多),
讓你的望遠鏡頭能再更望遠,70-200mm f/2.8將變成136.5-390mm f/2.8。
D610上最相近的替代方案是Nikon 400mm f/2.8,要價£6600。

The 1.5x crop factor of the Nikon D7100 means that your telephoto lenses will have a longer reach. This could be especially important for sports and wildlife photographers.

Fast, professional-quality telephotos become exponentially more expensive as the focal length increases, and here’s a comparison that makes the point plainly.

On the D7100, Nikon’s 70-200mm f/2.8 telephoto zoom offers an effective focal range of 105-300mm, and it costs £1600. To get the same focal length and maximum aperture on the Nikon D610, you’d need the Nikon 300mm f/2.8 prime lens, which is a whopping £4000.

That’s not all. The Nikon D7100’s new 1.3 ‘crop’ mode, which still delivers 16-megapixel images (the same as the older D7000), gives your telephotos more reach still. The 70-200mm f/2.8 we used as an example earlier now effectively becomes a 136.5-390mm f/2.8! The Nikon 400mm f/2.8 lens, the nearest equivalent for the Nikon D610, costs £6600.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 5) ISO 範圍

D610 v.s. D7100 12件你該知道的關鍵差異
(Via Digital Camera World)

兩台相機都提供了100-6400 的ISO範圍。
理想下我們會選擇D610因為它有較乾淨的高ISO表現,
像素受光面積是D7100的兩倍,這是一大領先。

在我們的實驗室測試中,D600的確證實在ISO6400下勝過D7100,訊噪比是32vs28。
再一次,由於是使用相同的感光元件,D610將會是相同的表現。

Both cameras offer an ISO range of 100-6400 but, all other things being equal, we’d put our money on the D610 to offer the best quality at high ISOs – with photosites twice the size of those in the Nikon 7100, it’s got a big head start.

In our lab tests, the Nikon D600 did prove superior to the D7100 at ISO 6400, with a signal-to-noise ratio of 32 versus 28. Again, the sensor is the same, so we’d expect the Nikon D610 to repeat that performance.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 6) 對焦

在這一項目裡幾乎是一面倒,雖然倒的方向可能和你預期的不一樣。
D7100使用了Nikon最新專業級的51點Multi-CAM 3500DX AF系統,
有15個十字對交感應器,在最大光圈為f/8時亦可對焦。

這在你使用望遠鏡頭增距鏡時特別有用,
而D610則使用了比較業餘的39點Multi-CAM4800自動對焦系統。

它同樣也可以在最大光圈f/8下使用,但這是和D7000相同的系統,而且D610有較大的畫面,
AF點變得都集中在畫面的中央,而D7100的對焦點則幾乎快延伸到畫面邊緣。

There’s no competition here, and the verdict doesn’t go in the direction you might expect. The Nikon D7100 uses the latest version of Nikon’s pro-spec 51-point Multi-CAM 3500DX AF system, with 15 cross-type sensors and the ability to work with apertures down to f/8.

This becomes very important when you use telephoto lenses with teleconverters. The D610 uses Nikon’s more amateur-orientated 39-point Multi-CAM4800AF sensor.

This too can work down to a sensitivity of f/8, but it’s the same as the one used in the D7000, and because the D610 has a larger frame area, the AF points are all near the centre of the frame, whereas the AF points in the Nikon D7100 reach practically to the edges.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 7) 連拍能力

D610稍微增加了D600的連拍能力,從5.5fps到6fps,
所以他和D7100完全一樣,然而,當你使用了D7100的1.3裁切模式,則可以達到7fps。

但D610也不是省油的燈,它新增了可達3fps的寧靜連拍模式,
而且D7100的弱點是有限的緩衝能力 -它一次最多只能拍9張(最少為6張,是RAW檔的設定),
但D610可以連續拍攝14-26張之間,這是很顯著的優勢。

The D610 improves slightly on the D600′s frame rate, from 5.5fps to 6fps, so it matches the D7100 exactly. However, if you use the D7100’s 1.3x ‘crop’ mode, its frame rate goes up to 7fps.

The Nikon D610 hits back, though, with a new 3fps ‘Quiet Release’ mode, and the D7100′s weakness is its limited buffer capacity – it can shoot a maximum of 9 frames in a burst (or as few as 6, depending on the RAW settings), but the D610 can shoot between 14 and 26, which is a substantial advantage.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 8) 快門速度

D7100提供了30秒到1/8000秒的快門速度,而D610最快只能到1/4000秒。
這在大多數情況下都沒有顯著的差別,但對於那些拍攝超高速快門的人,這就很重要了。
不僅如此,D610的閃光同步速度是1/200秒。而D7100則是1/250秒,
這讓D7100在白天使用閃燈時較有優勢。

The Nikon D7100 offers a shutter speed range of 30 sec to 1/8000sec, while the D610 only goes to 1/4000 sec. There won’t be many occasions when that difference becomes significant, but for those shooting super-high-speed action, it could be important. And that’s not all.

The Nikon D610’s flash synchronization speed is 1/200 sec (or up to 1/250 sec with reduced range). The D7100’s flash sync speed is 1/250 sec (or up to 1/320 sec with reduced range). This gives the Nikon D7100 an edge for fill flash photography in daylight, too.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 9) LCD 和 Live View

D610 v.s. D7100 12件你該知道的關鍵差異
(Via Digital Camera World)

D7100和D610的螢幕都同為3.2吋,
但D7100的螢幕有較多點(1229k v.s. 921k)和超高亮度顯示來提供額外的亮度。
LV模式也有項有趣的創新 -"點白平衡"。
我們還沒有實際用到這項功能,但它似乎比自定白平衡來得快速多了。

The D7100 and D610 LCD displays are the same size at 3.2 inches, but the D7100’s screen has more dots (1229k versus 921k) and a new high-intensity display for extra brilliance. The Live View mode has an interesting innovation, too – ‘spot white balance’. We’ve yet to use this properly, but it looks much faster than setting custom white balance in the normal way.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 10) 錄影

在這項目裡沒什麼好選的了 -都有強大的錄影能力。
雖然D7100再次的微幅領先,因為在它的1.3裁切模式下有錄製高速50i 和d 60i FHD影片的能力。


There’s little to choose between these two cameras here – both have formidable movie-making capabilities. Again, though, the D7100 edges just slightly ahead, by offering high speed 50i and 60i (interlaced) full HD movies in its 1.3x crop mode.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 11) 尺寸和重量

正如你的預期,D7100比D610來得小且輕 -但沒有差多少。
D610只大了幾mm而已,也只重了85g。這對全幅機身來說是很不錯的。
雖然帳面上D7100是占優勢,但考慮各項因素後D610才是贏家。

As you’d expect, the D7100 is both smaller and lighter than the D610 – but not by much. The D610 is just a few millimeters larger, and only 85g heavier. And that, in a full-frame camera, is deeply impressive. On paper, the D7100 is the winner, but all things considered we think the D610 deserves the top prize here.

Nikon D610 vs D7100: 12) 價格

這便是底限了。D7100搭配18-105mm組,目前大約要價£1000,D610搭配24-85mm,則約£2300。
這是很大的價差,而且當你考量日後新鏡頭的花費時(DX升級到FX),這個差距只會更大。
D7100推出一段時間了,所以會有一些優惠
-而D610可能還要等個2-3個月才會來到一個穩定的區間來供比較。

This is the bottom line. The D7100, with 18-105mm kit lens, currently sells for around £1000. The D610 with a 24-84mm lens, the nearest equivalent, has a launch price of £2300.

That’s a huge difference, and once you factor in the cost of new lenses (if you’re upgrading from a DX format Nikon), the gap grows larger still.

The Nikon D7100 has been out for a while and obviously benefits from some discounting over time – it could take 2-3 months for the Nikon D610 price to stabilise before we can make a proper comparison.

Nikon D7100 vs D610: 結論

D610 v.s. D7100 12件你該知道的關鍵差異
(Via Digital Camera World)

升級到全幅是一個重大的決定,即使D610是Nikon的"入門"全幅相機。
但他仍是一大筆投資 -特別是你把日後鏡頭升級也考量進去的話。

但我們仍然認為全幅是畫質的唯一選擇,如果你也認同,我們想D610是比較好的選擇。

然而 -而這是最重要的一點 -D7100確實為那些玩透D3000-D5000,或D90、D300s已經太舊的使用者
提供了一個非常好的升級選項。

像D610一樣的全幅相機也許比以前來得更容易入手,但反過來想,
感謝D7100超棒的感光元件,也許上全幅的理由也消失了。
Stepping up to full-frame
is a big decision, and even though the D610 is Nikon’s most ‘affordable’ FX format camera (assuming it replaces the D600), it’s still a major investment – especially when you take new lenses into account.

But we think full-frame is still the way to go for all-out quality, and if that’s the way you feel too, then we think the D610 is the better choice.

However – and this is the most important point – the D7100 does offer a serious an upgrade choice for those who’ve outgrown their D3000- or D5000- series camera, or whose D90 or D300s has just got too long in the tooth.

Full frame cameras like the D610 may be more affordable than they were before, but the counter-argument is that thanks to the D7100′s excellent sensor, the need to go full frame has diminished.

相關文章:

其他文章:

Nikon D5300 vs D5100 vs D5200:13件你該知道的關鍵差異 (下)

Nikon D5300 vs D5100 vs D5200:13件你該知道的關鍵差異 (上)

Nikon D7100 vs D5200 :14個你該知道關鍵差異點
Nikon D7100 vs D7000 13件你該知道的事
D7100沒有低通濾鏡 Nikon認為摩爾紋不是問題
DPReview對D7100的初步印象
Nikon D7100正式發表
Nikon D610正式發表 -D600的微幅改款
D610將在48小時內發表
Nikon D610可能於10月7-8日發表
D5300規格及D610的消息更新
Nikon D610規格和D600一樣
D600用戶有機會可以免費更換快門零件
D600在3000次快門後就不再有塵點
Ken Rockwell再次聲明他的D600乾淨無暇
東京銀座Nikon服務中心對D600入塵的說法
美國Nikon對D600入塵縮時影片的回應
Nikon D600新機入塵過程的縮時影片
Dpreview確認了Nikon D600的塵點問題
Nikon D600 開箱!
Nikon D600 D-movie的幕後製作
Nikon D600的入塵可能來自於快門簾周遭的縫隙
Nikon WU-1b無線傳輸器開箱
Ken Rockwell對D600入塵事件表示他那台沒這問題
Nikon D600 、D800將有韌體更新

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Wilhelm Chang Photography

Wilhelm 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(2) 人氣()


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  • 路人甲
  • 這句翻錯了 : "在我們的實驗室測試中,D600並沒有在ISO6400下勝過D7100"
    它是加強語氣的肯定句.
  • 感謝您的告知! 馬上更正 :)

    Wilhelm 於 2013/12/15 16:44 回覆

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