1. 專業攝影師:18件希望初學時就知道的事
    Digital Camera World
    日前刊出一篇文章,講述專業攝影師回首他們一路走來的一些心得與經驗,
    他們將這些經驗由淺入深整理出18條重點,相信在攝影之路上身處不同位置的人,
    都能多少從這18件事情中學到一些事。
    以下便是全文翻譯:

  1. 1.拍照前先計畫
    無論何種類型的攝影,我們都一直強調拍攝前的計畫是最重要的。
    從人像到風景 -行程和時機是最重要的;
    如果你遲到了,你的客戶可能就再也不給你工作,拍風景時晚到了,完美的夕陽可能就沒了。

    你也需要一份確認清單來確保你帶齊了你所需要的設備,不然當你到達目的地卻發現東西少帶就很洩氣了。
    1. Planning before the shoot

We can’t emphasise enough how important the planning stage is prior to a shoot of any kind. It can be
anything from a portrait to a landscape – scheduling and timing is paramount; turn up late for a shoot with a
client, and they might never give you work again; turn up late to shoot a landscape,
and you’ll find that the perfect sunset waits for no one.

You might also want to consider putting a checklist together just to ensure that you have all the kit you need – there’s nothing more frustrating than getting to your location and finding that you really need an additional
piece of kit.


2.你不需要昂貴的器材來拍出好照片
很多有器材迷思的人會覺得好照片是基於有好相機才能拍出的,他們也相信"相機好,攝影師技術就好"的原則。
有一台好相機的確能幫助你拍到好照片,但是沒有攝影師富含創意的眼光,它永遠不會是張偉大的照片。

2. You don’t need expensive high-end kit to take good pictures

Some are convinced that how good your photographs are is really down to the camera you use and believe the principle of ‘a photographer is only as good as her camera’. Well, having high-end kit can certainly help
make your shots look great, but without the creative eye of the photographer, it will never be a great picture.

3.不要依賴後製
當相片後製軟體越來越進步,他也會誘使你在拍攝時懶惰,並且在後製修掉你犯的錯誤或過度修飾照片。
我們當然不是反對後製,事實上我們還鼓勵後製。

然而我們要時時提醒自己不要太依賴Photoshop - 學習如何在拍攝時就達成某些效果會讓你在攝影上有長足的進步。

3. Don’t rely on editing your pictures

As photo editing software gets more advanced, it becomes increasingly tempting to get lazier with your
photography and edit any mistakes or make further enhancements on your computer. We’re certainly not
against photo editing here at Photoventure – in fact we advocate it!

However we like to remind ourselves not to simply rely on Photoshop all the time – learning how to achieve certain effects in-camera can go a long way to improving our skill as a photographer.

4.不要太執著於技巧  -捕捉當下更重要
在我們成為更好攝影者的過程中,我們常常會在一些技術細節上想太多。
當然,了解你相機的能力和針對拍攝環境來選擇適當設定是很重要沒錯,
但是花太多時間在想這些細節可能會導致錯失你想拍的瞬間。

4. Don’t get preoccupied with technicalities – capturing the moment is more important

In our mission to become better photographers, it can be easy to fall into the trap of over-thinking certain shots with the technical details of your camera settings. Of course, it’s important to learn about what your camera is capable of, and to understand what settings to choose for certain shots, but spend too much time thinking
about this and you risk missing the moment you’re trying to capture altogether.

5.記得帶備用電池
這件事看是簡單卻容易忘記。讓攜帶備用電池變成你的例行公事 -然後確定它是充飽電的!
沒什麼比在身處偏遠的絕美仙境中,你的相機卻沒電拍攝更糟的了。

5. Carry a spare battery

It’s a simple tip, but easy to forget. Make carrying around a spare battery something that is part of your routine – and make sure it’s always fully charged! There’s nothing worse than being outdoors somewhere remote, surrounded by amazing scenery, but without the means to capture it.

6.不要濫用減光鏡和偏光鏡
適當的使用它,減光鏡和偏光鏡會讓你的相片看起來既專業又驚豔。
濫用它,則會適得其反。

6. Don’t overdo ND and polarising filters

Used in the right way, ND and polarising filters can make your shots look stunning and very professional. Overdo it though, and the effect is quite the opposite.


7.多注意顏色
有時人們在構圖時會忽視顏色組成,但事實上這在任何主題的攝影都很重要。
思考那些顏色放在一起效果最佳,和如何放置他們才會有最好的火花。

7. Pay attention to colour pallets

Sometimes people can overlook colour pallets when composing a shot, when in fact it is a crucial part of any photograph. Think about how certain colours in a scene work together, and how to position them for the best impact.


8.可用的自然光可以和燈箱及離機閃一樣有效
燈箱和離機閃可以對你的照片產生很大的影響,但別忘了如何運用自然光,
在對的條件下自然光也是一樣有小的。
例如,許多食物攝影師偏好使用自然光來拍攝。

8. Available and natural light can be just as effective as lightboxes and off-camera flash

Lightboxes and off-camera flash units can make a huge difference to your photographs, but don’t forget how to work with natural light, which can be just as effective if you have the right conditions. Many food photographers, for example, prefer to use natural light to take their shots.

9.多注意太陽在哪裡
當在戶外拍攝時,多注意太陽在天空中的位置是很重要的(當然,夜景除外)。
通常太陽在地平線附近時是最好的,因為陰影會比較柔和,也會有較好的亮部。

9. Pay attention to where the sun is

When shooting outdoors, it’s essential to pay attention to the position of the sun in the sky when it comes to lighting your subjects (providing you’re not photographing at night!). Typically, the best time to shoot is when the sun is near the horizon, as this often results in more atmospheric images with softer shadows and highlights.

10.別害怕嘗試
在攝影中的確有一些規則(例如三分律)來幫助你拍攝更好的照片。
但那不代表我們不能偶而試試不同的角度和構圖。

10. Don’t be afraid to experiment

There are certain rules in photography (such as the rule of thirds) that can help us to capture better shots. But that doesn’t mean we can’t sometimes throw those rules out of the window and experiment with different angles and compositions.

11.了解你的主題
拍出精彩照片的最好辦法就是了解你的拍攝主體,不論是風景、動物、人像還是運動。
如果你知道你在拍什麼,你才能有知道何時去拍的、何處去拍及如何拍的優勢。

11. Understand your subject matter

The best way to capture fantastic photographs is to understand your subject, whether that’s landscape, animals, people, or sport. If you understand what you are photographing, you already have a distinct advantage in being able to know when to shoot, where to stand for a good shot, and how to work with the environment around you in order to capture the picture.

12.拍你熱愛的主題
幾個我們能給你的最佳忠告之一就是去拍你熱愛的事物,可能是運動、生態或食物。
做到這點,你的熱情才能透過照片來展現,也才最有可能拍到最佳的結果。

12. Photograph your passions

Some of the best advice we can offer is to photograph what you are passionate about, be that a sport, wildlife, or food. Do this, and your passion will be expressed through the photographs you take, most likely giving you the best results.

13.慢慢來
攝影是一門不能急的藝術,找出你的定位和優勢是需要時間的  - 不要急。

13. Take your time

Photography is an art that shouldn’t be rushed. It takes time to find your feet and discover your niche
– don’t rush it.

14.不要期待每次都能拍出傑作
如果你期待每次按快門都能拍出傑作,你很快就會灰心。
沒有攝影師,不論他們拍照多久了,能每次拍照都能拍出好照片。
大部分攝影師每次拍攝都會拍上百張照片,而其中只有一小部分堪用。

14. Don’t expect great results every time

If you expect to take fantastic photographs every time you click the shutter release, you’ll become disheartened very quickly. No photographer, no matter how long they’ve been taking pictures, takes a great shot every time. Most photographers will take hundreds of photographs in one photo shoot, and only a small percentage of those will be good enough to use.

15.行銷自己
即使是專業的攝影師也要懂得如何好好行銷自己。
你必須要能夠行銷你自己和你的作品才能在專業攝影的世界中生存。
這表示你必須了解如何利用網站和各種社交平台來推銷自己,就像你要找某份工作一樣。
別害怕拿起電話聯絡其他人。

15. Market yourself

Professional photographers also need to learn to be good marketing people. You need to be able to sell yourself and the work you do in order to make it in the world of professional photography. This means you will need to understand how to promote yourself online using websites and various social media platforms, as well as pitching yourself for certain work. Don’t be afraid to pick up the phone and reach out to people.

16.分析競爭
了解你身處的競爭總是好的 - 這能讓你發展出利基,或者提供一項讓你有優勢的服務給你的客戶。

16. Analyse the competition

It’s always a good idea to have a good knowledge of your competition – this can help you to develop a niche, and maybe even offer clients a service that will give you an advantage.

17.自我批判
自我批判會有回報的。如此你才能從你的錯誤中學習成長。
另外這也能讓你濃縮你的作品集,讓它全部都是你的精華之作。

17. Be a self-critic

It pays to be critical of your own work. By doing so you can learn from your mistakes and grow from them. Furthermore this will help you to cut down your portfolio to showcase only your very best work.

18.永遠不要停止學習
你可能會達到某種程度讓你覺得你大概懂攝影了。
如果我們真的有學到某樣東西的話,那應該就是永遠沒有學夠了這回事。
隨著科技的進步讓這件事更顯重要 - 我們也得跟著進步才能跟上時代。

18. You never stop learning

You might get to a point in your photography where you think you know it all. If there’s one thing we’ve learnt, it’s that we’ve never learnt enough. This is even more the case as technology continues to advance – we too have to advance what we know in order to stay ahead with the times.


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